Category Archives: a) Pipits

littoralis Rock Pipits

The Blues

Roger Wyatt

…took these beautiful images at Farmoor Reservoir Oxford on 19th and 20th March 2013. They showcase the subtle blue tones appearing on the heads of these inland littoralis Rock Pipits. Presumably they wintered further south in Britain or France and were photographed moving NW though Britain as part of their Scandinavian-bound journey. Perhaps they staged near Flamborough?

These kind of blue and pink plumage tones will start to be revealed again in Britain in the next few weeks…. and is the lowest bird a littoralis or a petrosus?? Yes I guess. ;)

Thanks Roger!

bRock Pipit litoralis-2 2 bRock Pipit litoralis-3 Rock Pipit litoralisRock Pipit_-2

 

Scandinavian Rock Pipits

The annual staging

Once again a gathering of Rock Pipits is feeding near North Landing at Flamborough on the cliff-top facing due northeast. Here they feed often in the teeth of the icy blasts. It feels like a specific pre-migratio  gathering. Sometime in the next few days/weeks back to Scandinavia, in some case all the way up tothe Arctic?

I have seen at least 2 birds. However some or all of 10-15 could be littoralis. They don’t all flush an identifiable spring plumage, but hopefully more fine moments to come.

Two Rock Pipits- both may be littoralis but the left hand bird is recognisably so.

Two Rock Pipits- both may be littoralis but the left hand bird is recognisably so.

littoralis Rock Pipit

littoralis Rock Pipit

Rock Pipits of both nominate petrosus and littoralis are supposed to normally have grey on outer tail father tips versus white in Water Pipit. However littoralis do seem to quite regularly show more obviously white here...

Rock Pipits of both nominate petrosus and littoralis are supposed to normally have grey on outer tail father tips versus white in Water Pipit. However littoralis do seem to quite regularly show more obviously white here…

 

and this is a littoralis in Varanger in mid- April, on its breeding grounds

and this is a littoralis in Varanger in mid- April, on its breeding grounds

 

Meanwhile the Big Birds bring daily highlights too…

Greenland w front 23 feb 2015

Peregrine mg

1st for Oman- nominate Olive-backed Pipit?

Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni or not?

It remains a beautiful and quintessentially ‘Siberian’ vagrant passerine. The Olive-backed Pipits we normally get in Western Europe are of the more northerly breeding, long distance migratory form yunnanensis- with typically weakly streaked upperparts.

The nominate form ‘hodgsoni’ is a shorter distance migrant of more southerly distribution and so understandably less likely to reach where I live :). Olive backed Pipit is on the ‘garden list’ of where I live now though before we got here- so maybe one day.

One record of a bird showing some characters of nominate hodgsoni was recorded by one of the Birding Frontiers team. Thats one’s still be looked into as it would be a European first…

Following that Oscar Campbell wrote up 3 birds showing characteristics if hodgsoni in the United Arab Emirates (Birding World Vol 26 no. 11). The most recent of these was in November 2013 in the U.A.E..

Oman, January 2015

Alex writes in:

“Hello, after a voyage to Oman / UAE between 1 and 11 January 2015, we wanted to inform Oscar Campbell about various interesting birds we observed. Among them are two Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni hodgsoni (nominate!) observed the 9th January 2015 in Balid Farms, Oman. According to his article on Birding World 26 and commentary, this involves moving the first observation in Oman and 4th for Western Palearctic….

Alex Ollé.

Features of  nominate hodgsoni

Key features of nominate hodgsoni are more heavily streaked upper parts, more evenly and  streaked crown (thicker streaks) and on some (with overlap) more heavily streaked flanks. The latter is not apparent on Alex’s bird but the first two features on this more worn individual are. Also note the fore supercilium is not quite so strikingly colourful as on many autumn Olive-backed Pipits we see in Europe.

Sooooo

Is this hodgsonsi or a worn/scruffy Tree Pipit? I maybe rushed it (bit of tendency these days). Maybe it is just a Tree Pipit….  Some good friends are asking. As ever- have look for yourself:

Anthus hodgsoni 1a Anthus hodgsoni 2 a

Above: Nominate Olive-backed Pipit ssp. hodgsoni or Tree Pipit, Balid Farms, Oman, 9th January 2015, Alex Ollé.

To compare, some yunnanensis

 

Olive- backed Pipit yunannensis, Baltasound, Shetland, October 2011. Martin Garner

Olive- backed Pipit yunannensis, Baltasound, Shetland, October 2011. Martin Garner

Olive- backed Pipit  sip, yunnanensis  Hestingott, South Mainland, Shetland, October 2012 Martin Garner

Olive- backed Pipit sip, yunnanensis Hestingott, South Mainland, Shetland, October 2012 Martin Garner

Olive- backed Pipit yunannensis, Baltasound, Shetland, October 2011. Stef McElwee

Olive- backed Pipit yunannensis, Baltasound, Shetland, October 2011. Stef McElwee

 and Tree Pipit to compare

The upper parts streaking of Tree Pipits sis closer to the souther form of Olive-bacled Pipit- hodgsoni.

Tree Pipit, Unst, Shetland, October 2012. Martin Garner

Tree Pipit, Unst, Shetland, October 2012. Martin Garner

 

Water Pipits: 3 species rather than 1?

Splits ahoy – Three Water Pipits and the Two Buff-bellied Pipits too!

Martin Garner, Yoav Perlman, Yosef Kiat and Martin Collinson.

This paper just been published in British Birds magazine (January 2015):

Water Pipits: three species rather than one?

Based on a distinctive call, differences in plumage and a preliminary genetic analysis, the ‘Caucasian Water Pipit’ Anthus spinoletta coutellii may represent a separate species within the Rock/Water Pipit complex. The differences between the three taxa currently treated as three races of a single species, the Water Pipit, are described. by Martin Garner, Yoav Perlman, Yosef Kiat and Martin Collinson.

Follow your Birding Nose

It’s been a privilege to work on this little project over the last three years. Jonathan Merav and Dan Alon especially made much of it possible. Following me nose- I  (MG) was intrigued by the unfamiliar and rather distinct calls of the Water Pipits, first in Turkey several years back then especially in Israel. Brian Small also inspired me from his own field observations. When Martin Collinson reported back on the first results of DNA analysis- it was in wonderfully excited tones!

Twas a dream working with such experienced field workers as Yoav Perlman and Yosef Kiat to obtain photos, sound recordings and study trapped birds. And Martin Collinson is, of course, the sequencing King.  :) Thanks to all!

 

Caucasian Water Pipit 'coutellii', Mount Hermon, Israel 15th Nov 2013. Martin Garner. Genetic material from this individual contributed to some surprising results

Caucasian Water Pipit ‘coutellii’, Mount Hermon, Israel 15th Nov 2013. Martin Garner. Genetic material from this individual contributed to some surprising results

Caucasian Water Pipit 'coutellii' may better classified as a full species, March 2012, Eilat, Israel

Caucasian Water Pipit ‘coutellii’ may better classified as a full species, March 2012, Eilat, Israel

and have a listen to a coutellii calling:

 

Buff-bellied Pipits: American and Siberian

First revelation was the surprising genetic distance between the three Water Pipits. As part of the process Martin also looked at the two Buff-bellied Pipit taxa. His ‘tweet’ says it all:

“Water Pipit paper in January BB also shows big genetic split between Asian and American Buff-bellied Pipits.

Fond memories below:

American (Buff-bellied) Pipit - rubescens, Quendale, Shetland October 2011. Phil Woollen

American (Buff-bellied) Pipit – rubescens, Quendale, Shetland October 2011. Phil Woollen

Siberian (Buff-bellied) Pipit- japonicus, Israel, November 2013. The research also showed species level genetic differences between this and the American Buff-bellied Pipit- rubescens.

Siberian (Buff-bellied) Pipit- japonicus, Israel, November 2013. The research also showed species level genetic differences between this and the American Buff-bellied Pipit- rubescens.

and here’s a Siberian Pipit calling:

Blyth’s Pipit in West Yorkshire

and those two call types

Martin Garner

The Patchwork Challenge and on a smaller scale the Foot-it Challenge have given some form to the wonder and passion of local area birding. There is great banter and not a little rivalry as folk work their patches. Citizen science wins too. When Jonny Holliday found a Blyth’s Pipit two days ago on his patch it was a bit of a shocker. I know the area as I used to visit regularly when living in Sheffield. The patch the Blyth’s Pipit has chosen couldn’t be more seemingly incongruous.

Blyth's Pipit at Calder Wetlands, West Yorkshire by Jonny Holliday

Blyth’s Pipit at Calder Wetlands, West Yorkshire by Jonny Holliday

RBA have produced this helpful map which illustrates its chosen habitat- thats the M1 motorway to the left and an industrial complex all around:

map

Dave Aitken provided great companionship and most of the flight shots below are his. I enjoyed meeting a number of birding buddies there too.

It’s a remarkable find. Hearing both of the classic call types was once again educational. The longer “Richard’s Pipit-like call’ which I transcribe as splee-u sounded to my ears – not really like a Richards Pipit at all, being somewhat disyllabic sounding, higher pitched, down-slurred and sweeter- more flava wagtail like (as it has been described before). The ‘chip’ call was great to hear.

Have a listen (apologies re: motorway noise and wind)- how would you describe the call versus Richard’s Pipit?

Blyths pipit Dave Aitken 5

Blyths pipit Dave Aitken 8

 

Blyth's Pipit shleep call 9th Dec 2014 four

 

Blyths Pipit chip call 9th dec 2014.png two

 

Blyth's Pipit by Dave Aitken- which reveals the second outermost tail feather with small blob of white near the tail tip- versus more extensive white wedge on T5 found on a Richard's Pipit.

Blyth’s Pipit by Dave Aitken- which reveals the second outermost tail feather with small blob of white near the tail tip- versus more extensive white wedge on T5 found on a Richard’s Pipit.

As there have been a few understandable and legitimate comments on social media about ‘organised flushing’ – some excellent leg-pulling and also some more mischievous comments  (where presumptions are more interesting and provide easier fuel for scandal mongering than the truth) – for the record:

Seeing the bird was not easy so full credit to Jonny for making it work with minimal disturbance to the bird- which could have been very different. It’s a site that anyone can walk in and through, and indeed on several occasions since it was found the bird’s chosen field has been overrun by visiting birders. To manage this (some 400+ visitors yesterday) at periodic intervals a small group (usually 2-3 people) would walk along the western edge of the field on one sweep (leaving about 4\5 of the field undisturbed). The bird was seen to fly up usually once or twice, sometimes with Meadow Pipits. Considerable periods were spent with birders standing patiently on the bank without entering the field. While arguably not perfect, and I understand for some folk even this is a step too far, this seemed far more preferable than ‘leaving it to chance’ – which on several occasions already has lead to the field being overrun – and uncontrolled disturbance.

 

Once again- a remarkable ‘lifetimes find’ for Jonny and a the wonder of birds and their movements. Thanks for sharing it.

Blyth's Pipit JH 2

 

Buff-bellied Pipit

at Flamborough?

17th September 2014

Martin Garner

Just over a week ago. I was doing what’s called the ‘Old Fall circuit and was on the south side of the outer headland at Flamborough. The previous 20 minutes had been full of interest. A stunning dark morph juvenile Honey Buzzard had given lovely views as it spiralled south out over the sea. Then a line of Greenlandish Wheatears and Whinchats were sat along a fence line in classic autumn pose.
.
I then picked up a lone pipit on the crest of  the next , south of the ‘gorse field’.
.
buffy four
Looked through bins and instantly thought: “looks like a Buff-bellied PIpit!” What! No really that was my first thought. No hesitation.
.
 Through bins I could see really rich buff underparts- strongest colour in breast region but extending over the whole of the underparts. Bold streaking was present but limited to (upper) breast; couldn’t actually make any streaking out below this- certainly no ‘lines’ along the flanks were visible. It looked like no Meadow Pipit- and I have seen and photographed some colourful and wacky ones.
.
It had an ‘open face’  with a big buffy supercilium running into obvious eye ring.
.
The pattern of the coverts was instantly familiar with big ‘loose-looking’ greater coverts caused by a broad fringe all around feathers – an Meadow Pipit there is usually amore obvious wing bar.
.
I grabbed for my camera knowing it could just about capture details I struggled to see through binoculars. Unfortunately it can be very hard to get auto zoom to focus on such small image. I fired off 6 shots and then it flew. It got into brief chase with Meadow Pipit and disappeared over the cliff edge.
.
I immediately radioed a message to local birders along the lines of “come and help me look for a bird that I thought ‘looked good for Buff-bellied Pipit’ – crazy as it sounds!”
.
Here’s the best of the pics. Only 2 poses were captured- in profile and facing- these are the best.
.
buffy two

Here’s what it looked like through camera and blown up:

buffy 8buffy 7

Six other birders joined in the search. Most Meadow Pipits (40 plus) were in an adjacent grass field which was out-of-bounds. No further sightings.

This was the peak time of Icelandic Meadow Pipits to move through the east coast, plus the unusually presence of obvious Greenland Wheatears

Played this game before

I had the same reaction only once before. ‘Looks just like a Buff-bellied Pipit':

Here’s what I wrote in October 2011 on finding a Buff-bellied Pipit with Paul Harvey, Roger Riddington and Brian Small:

…Only taking a few more steps I noticed a movement amongst the cattle-chewed vegetables, put my binoculars onto it to see a bird that looked just like a Buff-bellied Pipit! It’s hard to say why it seemed rather obvious, the bird was in full view and not far away. I think partly I was fully genned up having made daily checks of numerous Meadow and regular Rock pipits for this very species. I had even made an excursion out onto the wild west side of Unst with Brydon T and our Shetland Nature group little more than a week earlier, specifically looking for Buff-bellied Pipit. Thus I had a high level of current familiarity with the common species.
Having made the initial shock assessment, I looked again and ticked off ‘big open face’, ‘rich apricot buff underparts’, ‘broad diffuse buffy wingbars’ and crucially the clinching feature for me; incredibly plain upperparts. I turned and none of the other three, now a field away, were looking in my direction. I didn’t dare shout, so I looked back at the bird, it was still there and it still looked just like a Buff-bellied Pipit. I turned around, praying now that someone would be looking my way, and thankfully Paul was. I waved frantically and all three were soon up and straight onto the bird. It took a moment for their shock to subside but all quickly concurring around a common thought- it really was one!

Here photos of the 2011 bird on Shetland, with more of a write up HERE

Buff-bellied Pipit , Quendale, October 2011. Phil Woolen

Buff-bellied Pipit , Quendale, October 2011. Phil Woolen

Buff -bellied Pipit Quendale, October 2011. Mark Payne

Buff -bellied Pipit Quendale, October 2011. Mark Payne

 

Buff-bellied Pipit , Quendale, October 2011. Phil Woolen

Buff-bellied Pipit , Quendale, October 2011. Phil Woolen

Comments from friends on the Flamborough photos. A couple of folk wondered if a wacky Meadow Pipit could be eliminated- though my field impression was far from that. The majority thought…

Wow! It does look really good….that was my first impression from your Twitter photo and still is my feeling now based on face pattern and coverts plus general colour.

 My first impression on seeing your photo was Buff-bellied but I am not sure the photos alone are enough. Hard to see what else it could be (although the photos look a bit pinky and it’s hard to be sure what the lores are so could it be a moulting adult water Pipit?).

Hmm, pfff (:-)) It almost looks like a summer plumage…!? rich-buffy breast, greyish upperparts, no obvious flank-streaking? Anyway it certainly looks very interesting. Summer plumage Water Pipit maybe comes close but how odd would that be…! And maybe bill looks too small too for Rock/Water Pipit.

It looks like a Buff-Bellied Pipit to me. And it sounds as though that’s what it was.
The wing bars look very pro-BB, although personally I think that median covert bar is more obviously pro-BB and anti-MP than the greater-covert bar. 

 

 

 

Icelandic Meadow Pipits

Identifiable? A different ssp.?

Clive McKay and Ben Porter

Ben’s questioning of these bright Meadow Pipits currently passing through Bardsey,combined with Clive’s study of Meadow Pipits over many years. Not definitive answers but great exploration of the subject. Clive’s words and Ben’s photos
 

 

IMG_0574

 

These birds are good contenders for Icelandic Mipits. My ringing work has focussed on autumn birds (when they’re easy to catch). At that time of year I consider a yellowish wash to the upperparts along with a nice clear supercilium to be diagnostic of “non-British” birds.  I can’t be definitive about spring birds, but Ben’s fit the bill well for how the plumage should look after a winter’s bleaching and wear and tear. They resemble birds I saw on passage through Tinsley SF (AKA Blackburn Meadows) Sheffield many moons ago – April migrants which stood out from the local breeders in that they looked more like Tree Pipits. Kevin Shepherd put me on to this originally, as he had noted a spring passage of similar birds at Sheringham, north Norfolk.

IMG_0571-001

Ben – the race whistleri in my humble opinion requires confirmation. The original type specimens came from east Scotland (it’s supposed to be a west Scotland/Ireland/Iceland race) and were taken during the autumn migration period – when they could have come from anywhere on planet Mipit.  I’m  planning to visit the Royal Scottish Museum to check out the skins when I get a chance.  Conversely, the Icelandic race probably IS sufficiently different to merit sub-specific status, but not as whistleri.

IMG_0545

There’s every reason to believe that your birds could be the “Icelandic wave” passing >N through the west side of the country at the moment – recorded today at many west coast sites.

IMG_0468

The chart below shows Mipit movements at vismig sites through the UK over the last two months. A rush of birds on 29th March was recorded mostly at west coast sites in Lancashire such as Fleetwood, Marshside, Rossall and Winter Hill, tying in with the arrival of your “Tree Mipits” at Bardsey a day earlier.

 

!cid_image001_png@01CF4DA8