The American Purple Gallinule in Co. Mayo

Carne Golf Links, Belmullet, Co. Mayo 2nd February 2014

Dave Suddaby

Another stormy wet weekend passes and it is now Monday morning (3rd February 2014); I’m sitting in the office staring at my computer screen trying to muster up some inspiration – I start to contemplate coffee, its 10.37, and then my mobile rings. Everything changes. On the ‘other end’ was Ruth-Ann Leak from the BirdWatch Ireland Mayo Branch. She had just taken a phone call from the Belmullet Met Office reporting an American Purple Gallinule! Bizarre.

American Purple Gallinule, Carne Golf Links - as found 2 February 2014 Kevin Donnelly

American Purple Gallinule, Carne Golf Links – as found 2 February 2014 Kevin Donnelly

Living on the Mullet and working for BirdWatch Ireland I regularly get phone-calls from members of public about odd or sick birds and invariably they turn out to be something ‘common’. However, the trouble with these phone-calls is that you ignore them at your peril…… so a quick phone call to Kevin Donnelly at the Met Office and sure enough he was adamant that the bird was indeed an American Purple Gallinule – time for a quick dash up the peninsula!

 

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

It transpires that on the previous afternoon, KD and Eddie Killeen had been playing golf at the local Carne Golf Links and following a wayward shot off the 16th tee they went in search of their ball and found an azure blue bird lying dead ‘in the rough’. Curious as to what it was they took a photograph of the bird and then continued with their game. That evening KD emailed the photograph to a colleague who they knew had an interest in birds. A return email informed them as to its identity and that it should be reported; hence KD reporting the bird and being confident with its identification.

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

 

Having not seen the photograph, and whilst I was driving up the peninsula I started to wonder what the bird could be, if not a gallinule, but before I had given it much thought I was pulling into the Met Office yard. By this time the bird had been placed in a small box as KD had returned to the golf course to retrieve the bird – thankfully the local foxes hadn’t taken it overnight! The box was handed to me and, to my astonishment staring back at me was a fresh, but unfortunately dead, American Purple Gallinule! A quick examination soon revealed that the pectoral muscles were completely wasted and the sternum could be felt protruding knife-like beneath the breast feathering; the eyes were still clear looking and the feather condition was fresh indicating that it hadn’t been dead for too long. After being photographed, the specimen has been frozen and it will be donated to the National Museum in due course.

 

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

 

Although the body and wing feathers are a mix of purple, azure blues and greens, the presence of brown tips to the feathers, especially to the head and nape, seems to indicate that the bird is in its second-calendar year (first-summer). And with a wing length of 186mm and bill length of 30.7mm would indicate that it is a male (BWP). This may explain the bright upperwings for its age. A possible confusion species is the smaller Allen’s Gallinule, but the bi-coloured bill and yellow legs soon eliminate that species.

 

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

 Previous Records

This is the first Irish record and represents the 8th record for Europe; the first record being of an immature, picked up exhausted, on the Isle of Scilly on 7th November 1958 which died on 9th November (British Birds 53: 145-146). Two others have occurred in Britain; a first-winter, again found dead, on 24th January 2011 in Devon and another found dead in 2008 in Bedfordshire. The most recent record was last week when one was found dead in Iceland on 30th January 2014 that represented the third record for Iceland, and followed a first-winter that was present near Lisborn from 8th November 2013 until being taken into care on the 11th November where it died on the 13th and represented the first Portuguese record.

 

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

American Purple Gallinule, Belmullet 3 Feb 2014 Dave Suddaby

5 thoughts on “The American Purple Gallinule in Co. Mayo

  1. Pingback: American Purple Gallinule Vagrancy in the North Atlantic, November 2013 – February 2014 | Birding Frontiers

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